What is critical thinking?
How can one think critically?
Why is critical thinking important?
What can it help us do?
The Socratic Method
Who was Socrates?
What is Socratic Questioning?
Plato and Aristotle
What is the Platonist way of thinking?
How is it different from Aristotle's systematic form of thinking?
In the Know
Can our thinking be flawed?
What is cognition?
What is thought?
How do we think?
What is knowledge?
What does it mean to "know" something?
How does critical thinking help us filter our knowledge?
What factors influence our knowledge?
Dissecting an Argument
What is a claim?
What's the difference between a normative and descriptive claim?
Subjective & Objective Claims
What are subjective and objective claims?
How are they different from one another?
How is an argument defined?
How can we think critically about arguments?
Inductive & Deductive Arguments
What are inductive and deductive arguments?
How do they differ from one another?
What's an abductive argument?
What makes a good abductive argument?
What are conditions?
What makes them necessary and/or sufficient?
What is a suppressed or implicit premise?
Why is it important to learn to recognize them?
Truth & Validity
What is validity?
What makes an argument valid?
That's a Good Argument
What is soundness?
What makes an argument sound?
Live Long and Prosper
What is logic?
What is abstract thinking?
What is reason?
How are logic and reasoning connected?
What is rationality?
Are you overestimating your rationality?
The Psychology of Reasoning
How logical are you?
What factors influence our logical reasoning?
Everyone's A Little Bit Biased
What are cognitive biases?
Why do we have cognitive biases?
What is the alief bias?
How do aliefs differ from beliefs?
What is the anchoring bias?
How can you use it during a negotation?
The Availability Heuristic
How can the media influence our fears?
What are Availability Heuristics?
The Placebo Effect
How do placebo pills make people feel better?
How does the placebo effect work?
Why do we try to prove other people wrong?
What is confirmation bias?
What is an unconscious bias?
How can we learn to recognize our biases?
Knowing is Only Half the Battle
What is the GI Joe Fallacy?
Does recognizing our biases help us avoid them?
Changing Their Minds
What is rhetoric?
How can it be used?
What is ethos?
How can you use ethos in public speaking?
What is pathos?
What's an example of an emotional argument?
What is logos?
Does logos mean logic?
The Art of Persuasion
How can you change someone's mind?
What makes a good persuasive argument?
That's a Fallacy
What is a fallacy?
What is the difference between formal and informal fallacies?
Is attacking someone's character a good way to argue?
What are examples of the Ad Hominem Fallacy?
What is the Slippery Slope Fallacy?
How is it used in politics?
What is the Straw Man Argument?
How can you avoid using this fallacy?
Appeal to Authority
What is the Appeal to Authority Fallacy?
What can make an authority unreliable?
Apples to Oranges
What is the False Equivalence Fallacy?
How can you spot this fallacy?
Begs the Question
What is the Begging the Question Fallacy?
In what ways is this fallacy used?
What is the Post Hoc Fallacy?
How can this fallacy be avoided?
No True Scotsman
What is the No True Scotsman Fallacy?
How does this relate to Moving the Goalposts Fallacy?
I Believe I Can Fly
What are beliefs and why are they so hard to change?
How do dangerous beliefs spread?
What is wishful thinking?
How can too much wishful thinking be harmful?
Friday the 13th
Where do superstitions come from?
Why do people believe them?
Why do people believe in the supernatural and paranormal?
What are some explanations for paranormal activities?
63.4% of All Statistics are Made Up
What is the difference between a fact and an opinion?
Is the difference always clear?
Two Truths and a Lie
What is the purpose of lying?
What is pathological lying?
Does a lie travel faster than the truth?
How can you identify false news stories?
What is propoganda?
How is it used against people?
49.7% of all Statistics are Made Up
How can statistics be misleading?
What is Simpson's Paradox?
Correlation vs. Causation
What is the difference between correlation and causation?
What are confounding or lurking variables?
What to believe?
How can our beliefs be wrong?
How can we sift through misinformation?
Can people be trained to recognize misinformation?
How can critical thinking help combat misinformation?
What is skepticism?
Is being a skeptic good or bad?
The Problem of Skepticism
What is the philosophical problem of skepticism?
What are the different kinds of skepticism?
What are the responses to skepticism?
How does empiricism differ from rationalism?
Coffee will kill you!
Why is it important to be skeptical of headlines?
What makes a "good" experimental study?
What is pseudoscience?
How can you spot it?
Why do some people believe in conspiracy theories?
How can conspiracy theories be dangerous?
How to Think Critically
How do we know if we are thinking critically?
What are the Intellectual Standards of Critical Thinking?
A Good Start
How can you start to think critically?
What are the key functions of critical thinking?
What is claim testing?
How can people test claims?
What is analytical thinking?
How can you start thinking analytically?
What is systems thinking?
How is synthesis different from analysis?
In the Classroom
How can critical thinking be taught in schools?
Why is it important for students to learn how to think critically?
What is Bloom's Taxonomy?
How is it used in schools?
Improving Your Critical Thinking
What are some steps for improving your critical thinking?
How can critical thinking be used when making decisions?
How can brain teaser exercises help improve critical thinking?
Why do people often get brain teasers or riddles wrong?